American Family Vision Clinic Logo
Authors
Namaeh, Mashael OD, PhD; Scheiman, Mitchell M. OD, PhD, FAAO; Yaramothu, Chang PhD; Alvarez, Tara L. PhD

A Normative Study of Objective Measures of Disparity Vergence and Saccades in Children 9 to 17 Years Old

publication date
February 5, 2020
see more

Abstract/Introduction

SIGNIFICANCE 

This study establishes normative data for objective outcome measures of vergence and saccade eye movements for the pediatric population. These data should facilitate future clinical trial design.

PURPOSE 

This study was designed to establish normative data for objective measures of disparity vergence and saccades in children between the ages 9 and 17 years using an objective binocular eye movement tracking system.

METHODS 

Participants (aged 9 to 17 years) had a vision examination including refraction, accommodative, and binocular vision testing. Eligibility criteria included 20/25 visual acuity with best correction, normal accommodation, and binocular vision. The ISCAN RK-826PCI binocular tracking system (ISCAN, Woburn, MA) was used to objectively record horizontal, symmetrical disparity vergence, and saccadic eye movements. Parameters assessed included peak velocity, time to peak velocity, latency, and response amplitude for both disparity vergence and saccades.


Conclusion/Results

RESULTS 

One hundred eighteen participants were recruited (54.94% female; mean age, 13.5 years), and 77.1% (91/118) of the participants completed the assessment with usable data. A sample of the normative data included peak velocity (°/s), which had a mean ± standard deviation of 25.4 ± 2.9, 22.0 ± 3.0, 225 ± 16.7, and 332.5 ± 20.5 for 4° convergence, 4° divergence, 5° saccades, and 10° saccades, respectively. The mean ± standard deviation for the latency (seconds) measures were 0.28 ± 0.1, 0.28 ± 0.16, 0.23 ± 0.05, and 0.23 ± 0.05 for 4° convergence, 4° divergence, 5° saccades, and 10° saccades, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS 

Normative data enable researchers to have benchmark results for comparison with patient populations with binocular dysfunction. These objective disparity vergence measures can serve as outcome measures in future clinical trials to assess the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions by determining whether post-treatment results are similar to normal data.


Testimonials


Such a nice optician. My grandson is only 4 and needs glasses. We were so sad, but he explained the issues, and we will follow up as he suggested.


Anna P.

I had such a good experience with the clinic. Very friendly staff and doctor, did not have to wait for long to be called, and was treated respectfully. Thanks, American Family.


June S.

Dr. Zurcher has gone above and beyond what any other eye doctor has ever done to figure out what is going on with my eyes. Very happy with American Family Vision.


Christine R.

Family Vision Clinic changed our lives! My daughter was frequently car sick, and she was getting headaches every day, often painful enough that they brought her to tears. We saw a string of doctors and therapists, but we made no progress. Finally, we found Dr. Levi Zurcher and his eye therapist Rain. After ten weeks of eye therapy my daughter no longer gets headaches, and she no longer gets car sick. Daily tears are a thing of the past. I really can’t say enough about this clinic. It was fascinating to watch Dr. Zurcher work. For the first time, someone who knew what they were doing was intently studying my daughter, really trying to figure out all of her eye issues, and his therapist Rain is one of the most patient and lovely people that I’ve ever had the good fortune to meet. We’re finished with eye therapy—yay!—and I have switched to American Family Vision Clinic for all of my family’s other eye health needs.


Lars Wulff

Very professional, yet kind and helpful. They do what they can to make the appointment comfortable. I was running a bit late, I made sure ti call. They were able to switch me with a patient who was already there, they treated me with respect, and helped my son have confidence by getting him the eye care he needed that day. Thank you so much! Would recommend to anyone. It's a blessing that they care enough to work with people who have all different types of insurance from work to state coverage.


Justin E.

The staff is friendly. The Doc is very knowledgeable. The office is family friendly and everyone is so patient with the little ones.


Amy Fagerness
1 2 3

Blog

pexels-katerina-holmes-5905492

Does your child have a hard time copying notes from the board?

Having trouble copying notes from the board is actually a pretty common problem. This is a visually demanding task that […]

Read More
little-girl-checking-up-her-sight-ophthalmology-center

Thinking about an eye exam in Olympia? How often should you have a comprehensive eye exam?

In this blog, we will discuss how often you should have a comprehensive eye exam. During a comprehensive eye exam, […]

Read More
IMG_4398

Buying Glasses: Local or Online?

This blog is about buying glasses online. In today's world, getting things online is easier than ever before. It's nice […]

Read More
see all blogs

Contact Us To Amplify Your EyeCare

Working Hours

Monday - Thursday
8:00 am - 5:15pm
friday-sunday
Closed
Location
400 Yauger Way SW. Bldg 1, Ste A Olympia, WA 98502
Website Accessibility Policy
Safety protocols page
phone-handsetarrow-uparrow-right linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram