American Family Vision Clinic Logo
Authors
Heather A. Anderson, OD, PhD, FAAO, Karla K. Stuebing, PhD, Ray Buncic, MD, FRCSC, Malcolm Mazow, MD, FACS, and Jack M. Fletcher, PhD

Factors Associated With Strabismus in Spina Bifida Myelomeningocele

publication date
2012 May 8
Category
see more

Abstract/Introduction

Purpose

Higher prevalence of strabismus in individuals with spina bifida myelomeningocele (SBM) has previously been attributed to hydrocephalus; however, SBM is associated with many other complications. This study investigates the relation between strabismus and other factors in SBM.

 

Methods

Children aged 3 to 18 years with SBM (n = 112) received an eye examination including assessment of ocular alignment by cover or Hirschberg test. Gestational age, respiratory distress at birth, birth weight, maternal age at birth, number of shunt revisions, and spinal lesion level were also obtained. The relation between these factors and strabismus was analyzed.


Conclusion/Results

Results

Forty-two participants had strabismus. Maternal age (P = .4) and respiratory distress (P = .6) were not significantly related to strabismus. Lower birth weight was suggestive of a relation with strabismus (logistic regression, P = .05) and younger gestational age was related to strabismus (logistic regression, P = .01). Participants who had at least one shunt revision were more likely to have strabismus (Fisher’s exact test, P = .038). Spinal lesion level was significantly related to strabismus with increased likelihood of strabismus for spinal lesions closer to the brain (Wald chi-square, 1,100 = 4.29, P = .038).

 

Conclusion

These findings indicate that several factors are associated with strabismus in SBM. Some of these factors (lower birth weight and younger gestational age) are associated with strabismus in the general population, whereas the association of strabismus and level of spinal lesion may be unique to SBM and may be related to the more severe brain dysmorphology associated with upper level spinal lesions.


Testimonials


Such a nice optician. My grandson is only 4 and needs glasses. We were so sad, but he explained the issues, and we will follow up as he suggested.


Anna P.

I had such a good experience with the clinic. Very friendly staff and doctor, did not have to wait for long to be called, and was treated respectfully. Thanks, American Family.


June S.

Dr. Zurcher has gone above and beyond what any other eye doctor has ever done to figure out what is going on with my eyes. Very happy with American Family Vision.


Christine R.

Family Vision Clinic changed our lives! My daughter was frequently car sick, and she was getting headaches every day, often painful enough that they brought her to tears. We saw a string of doctors and therapists, but we made no progress. Finally, we found Dr. Levi Zurcher and his eye therapist Rain. After ten weeks of eye therapy my daughter no longer gets headaches, and she no longer gets car sick. Daily tears are a thing of the past. I really can’t say enough about this clinic. It was fascinating to watch Dr. Zurcher work. For the first time, someone who knew what they were doing was intently studying my daughter, really trying to figure out all of her eye issues, and his therapist Rain is one of the most patient and lovely people that I’ve ever had the good fortune to meet. We’re finished with eye therapy—yay!—and I have switched to American Family Vision Clinic for all of my family’s other eye health needs.


Lars Wulff

Very professional, yet kind and helpful. They do what they can to make the appointment comfortable. I was running a bit late, I made sure ti call. They were able to switch me with a patient who was already there, they treated me with respect, and helped my son have confidence by getting him the eye care he needed that day. Thank you so much! Would recommend to anyone. It's a blessing that they care enough to work with people who have all different types of insurance from work to state coverage.


Justin E.

The staff is friendly. The Doc is very knowledgeable. The office is family friendly and everyone is so patient with the little ones.


Amy Fagerness
1 2 3

Blog

main-2

Macular degeneration: separating fact from fiction- myths and misconceptions

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in older adults in the United States. Approximately 20 million adults in […]

Read More
frustrated-millennial-businessman-having-strong-headache-tired-from-laptop-work

Alleviating Eye Strain from Digital Devices: Tips and Exercises for Relief

As we spend more and more time in front of computer screens and cell phones, it's important to be aware […]

Read More
DSC_2354

Beyond LASIK: Discovering New Vision Correction Techniques

According to the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS), there were approximately 1.8 million LASIK procedures performed in […]

Read More
see all blogs

Contact Us To Amplify Your EyeCare

Working Hours

Monday - Thursday
8:00 am - 5:15pm
friday-sunday
Closed
Location
400 Yauger Way SW. Bldg 1, Ste A Olympia, WA 98502
Website Accessibility Policy
Safety protocols page
phone-handsetarrow-uparrow-right linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram